There are many types of financial advisors. Some are generalists, some are specialists. Some are paid transaction-based commissions, some charge a percentage of assets managed and others bill an hourly or flat fee. Some are legal fiduciaries obligated to serve your best interests, others count on you to know what you need and are required only to avoid doing something obviously unsuitable.
No advisor can be all things to all people. To increase the likelihood that you secure the combination of financial products and services you need, it helps to consider the following different types of financial expertise found in the marketplace:
Technical financial expertise
This is the most common type of expertise found in the financial services industry, which organizes advisors into “core” categories of technical expertise such as investing, insurance, banking, saving taxes and financial planning. Relatively sophisticated and financially successful people may secure the highest return on their investment of time and money with a financial advisor by focusing on more “complex” domains of personal finance, such as career and business, real estate, and other illiquid assets that cannot immediately be turned into cash (e.g., private placements, deferred compensation).
The challenge for high-performing professionals and executives is to know when, and when not, to rely on technical experts. This requires the humility to assess whether an expert may know more than you do, the discipline to evaluate the opportunity cost of being a “do-it-yourselfer” even if you do have the competence to do so, the prudence to avoid spending money unnecessarily, and the management skills to specify clear measures of success. What experts and metrics are missing from your team?
Strategic financial expertise
Even the most talented team of experts will not maximize your return on investment of time and money unless someone designs and oversees implementation of a strategy to align all efforts toward clearly articulated goals. Advisors with strategic expertise offer a blend of educational, motivational, design and referral services to help you manage your money in ways that maximize the value of an even scarcer resource—your time. Such advisors often provide their greatest value through conversations that help specify not only your financial goals, but also how your personal ambitions will shape, and be shaped, by those goals. To assess whether you may need an advisor with strategic financial expertise, ask yourself whether you (or someone advising you) are very clear about the following:
• What does a “good life” mean to you?
• How much does it cost you to live the life to which you are accustomed?
• How much do you need to earn, save and invest to cover those costs, now and without having to work into old age?
• How do you want your financial strength to help others you care about (e.g., family members, community causes or charities) during and after your life?
• What sequence of actions are you and others committed to take to produce those desired outcomes?
Administrative financial expertise
Many financially successful people are too busy to organize the information, prepare the documents, schedule the appointments and handle the other administrative tasks involved in coordinating their team of experts toward a specified strategic goal. For instance, if you do not maintain a “dashboard” that reports the details of your financial facts of life (e.g., assets, liabilities, asset allocation, cash flows), then you should consider securing the equivalent of a “personal financial assistant” to provide the administrative expertise to maintain your financial dashboard and to handle other logistical financial tasks.
Different people need different combinations of expertise working on their behalf. Having considered in advance the specific combination of technical, strategic and administrative financial expertise that you think will complement your strengths and fill your gaps, you will be ready to make the most of your time talking with potential financial advisors.
As you do so, let each prospective advisor guide you through his or her introductory processes without initially telling them exactly what you think you need. This not only makes it possible for you to assess what type of financial expertise they offer naturally, but it also increases the likelihood that the advisor you are speaking with might specify important financial issues and opportunities you had not already identified for yourself, and thus become a member of the team that will help you take the best possible care of your total financial situation—now and in the future.
This is a slightly edited version of an essay initially appearing in the Spring 2016 “Views and Visions: Financial Evolution – Banking and Finance” publication of Bowles Rice law firm.